Enhancement of critical heat flux and superheat through controlled wettability of cuprous-oxide fractal-like nanotextured surfaces in pool boiling

Hong Seok Jo, Seongpil An, Hyun Goo Park, Min Woo Kim, Salem S. Al-Deyab, Scott C. James, Jeehoon Choi, Suk Goo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)


Highly nanotextured surfaces fabricated by electroplating are demonstrated in pool-boiling applications. Nickel-chrome wires were electroplated with copper and then annealed to cuprous oxide before being subject to Joule heating in a water bath. Vapor bubbles formed whose buoyant rise removed heat and promoted cooling. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic nanotextured surfaces could be tuned by varying the electroplating time. A hydrophobic surface enhanced bubble dynamics to locally decrease the surface temperature of the wire, which, in turn, enhanced superheat and the effective heat transfer coefficient. Conversely, a hydrophilic surface, characterized by a “fractal-like” surface decorated with numerous nucleation sites, increased the overall heat removal and thus the critical heat flux. These nanotextured surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and their pool boiling dynamics were visualized with a high-speed CCD camera. Theoretical heat-transfer estimates compared well with experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1



  • Critical heat flux
  • Cuprous oxide
  • Electroplating
  • Electrospinning
  • Pool boiling
  • Superheat temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this