In order to improve the conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells, nano-patterned poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly (styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) was used as a hole transfer layer (HTL). Using nanoimprint lithography, a process that is easily applied to large-area substrates, a spherical array of PEDOT:PSS droplets was formed. The effect of the PEDOT:PSS nanostructure was characterized by optical and electrical measurements. Because the hemispherical array of PEDOT:PSS scatters light efficiently, absorption of the incident light increases when the nanostructured layer is employed. The conversion efficiency of the nano-patterned OPV cells is 25% larger than that of non-patterned OPV cells, due to the increase in short-circuit current (J sc).
- Nanoimprint lithography
- Organic photovoltaics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering