Enhancement of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in thin ferromagnetic films by atomic-scale modulation of interfaces

A. S. Samardak, A. V. Davydenko, A. G. Kolesnikov, A. Yu Samardak, A. G. Kozlov, Bappaditya Pal, A. V. Ognev, A. V. Sadovnikov, S. A. Nikitov, A. V. Gerasimenko, In Ho Cha, Yong Jin Kim, Gyu Won Kim, Oleg A. Tretiakov, Young Keun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To stabilize nontrivial spin textures, e.g., skyrmions or chiral domain walls in ultrathin magnetic films, an additional degree of freedom, such as the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (IDMI), must be induced by the strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of a stacked heavy metal layer. However, advanced approaches to simultaneously control the IDMI and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) are needed for future spin-orbitronic device implementations. Here, we show the effect of atomic-scale surface modulation on the magnetic properties and IDMI in ultrathin films composed of 5d heavy metal/ferromagnet/4d(5d) heavy metal or oxide interfaces, such as Pt/CoFeSiB/Ru, Pt/CoFeSiB/Ta, and Pt/CoFeSiB/MgO. The maximum IDMI value corresponds to the correlated roughness of the bottom and top interfaces of the ferromagnetic layer. The proposed approach for significant enhancement of PMA and the IDMI through interface roughness engineering at the atomic scale offers a powerful tool for the development of spin-orbitronic devices with precise and reliable controllability of their functionality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51
JournalNPG Asia Materials
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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