Enhancement of slurryability and heating value of coal water slurry (CWS) by torrefaction treatment of low rank coal (LRC)

Ju Hyoung Park, Young Joo Lee, Min Ho Jin, Se Joon Park, Dong Wook Lee, Jong Soo Bae, Joeng Geun Kim, Kwang Ho Song, Young Chan Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve cold gas efficiency of entrained-flow gasification, coal water slurry (CWS) as a fuel must have high heating value at low viscosity. Especially, considering unstable supply of bituminous coal, the preparation of CWS with high coal content from low-rank coal remains a challenging topic. In this study, we report a remarkable improvement in coal content of CWS at low viscosity (1000 cP) through torrefaction of low-rank coal. Compared to dried coal (moisture-free coal), the torrefaction of low-rank coal leads to an improvement in hydrophobic nature of coal surface and a decrease in coal porosity. The moisture readsorption ratio of the torrefied low-rank coal significantly decreases due to its high hydrophobic nature and low porosity. As a result, Kideco coal showed a 6% and 58.7% increase in the coal content and heating value of CWS after torrefaction at 300 °C in comparison to those of CWS made with dried coal. Ultimately, the torrefied coal-based CWS with enhanced coal content and heating value at low viscosity is expected to contribute to an increase in the efficiency of a gasifier and IGCC process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-617
Number of pages11
JournalFuel
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Coal
  • Coal water slurry (CWS)
  • Gasification
  • Low-rank coal
  • Porosity
  • Torrefaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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