Enhancement of sonochemical oxidation reactions using air sparging in a 36 kHz sonoreactor

Jongbok Choi, Jeehyeong Khim, Bernaurdshaw Neppolian, Younggyu Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of air sparging on sonochemical oxidation reactions was investigated using a relatively large reactor equipped with a 36 kHz transducer module at the bottom. KI dosimetry and luminol techniques were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of the reactions. The cavitation yield increased and then varied minimally as the liquid height increased from 1λ (42 mm) to 8λ (333 mm) with no air sparging. The flow rate of the air used for sparging and the position of the sparger significantly affected the extent of the sonochemical oxidation reactions. A significant enhancement in the sonochemical oxidation by air sparging was observed for higher liquid height and higher flow rate conditions at a constant input power. This enhancement is attributed to the violent mixing effect and the significant change in the sound field and cavitation-active zone in the liquid. Higher sonochemical activity was obtained when air sparging was applied closer to the transducer module at a higher flow rate. Imaging the motion of the liquid surface and sonochemiluminescence revealed that the instability of the liquid body was directly related to the sonochemical activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Air
Oxidation
oxidation
augmentation
air
Liquids
flow velocity
Flow rate
liquids
cavitation flow
Transducers
Cavitation
transducers
modules
Luminol
qualitative analysis
liquid surfaces
Acoustic fields
sound fields
quantitative analysis

Keywords

  • Acoustic cavitation
  • Air sparging
  • Cavitation yield
  • KI dosimetry
  • Liquid instability
  • Sonochemiluminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Enhancement of sonochemical oxidation reactions using air sparging in a 36 kHz sonoreactor. / Choi, Jongbok; Khim, Jeehyeong; Neppolian, Bernaurdshaw; Son, Younggyu.

In: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Son, Younggyu

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N2 - The effect of air sparging on sonochemical oxidation reactions was investigated using a relatively large reactor equipped with a 36 kHz transducer module at the bottom. KI dosimetry and luminol techniques were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of the reactions. The cavitation yield increased and then varied minimally as the liquid height increased from 1λ (42 mm) to 8λ (333 mm) with no air sparging. The flow rate of the air used for sparging and the position of the sparger significantly affected the extent of the sonochemical oxidation reactions. A significant enhancement in the sonochemical oxidation by air sparging was observed for higher liquid height and higher flow rate conditions at a constant input power. This enhancement is attributed to the violent mixing effect and the significant change in the sound field and cavitation-active zone in the liquid. Higher sonochemical activity was obtained when air sparging was applied closer to the transducer module at a higher flow rate. Imaging the motion of the liquid surface and sonochemiluminescence revealed that the instability of the liquid body was directly related to the sonochemical activity.

AB - The effect of air sparging on sonochemical oxidation reactions was investigated using a relatively large reactor equipped with a 36 kHz transducer module at the bottom. KI dosimetry and luminol techniques were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of the reactions. The cavitation yield increased and then varied minimally as the liquid height increased from 1λ (42 mm) to 8λ (333 mm) with no air sparging. The flow rate of the air used for sparging and the position of the sparger significantly affected the extent of the sonochemical oxidation reactions. A significant enhancement in the sonochemical oxidation by air sparging was observed for higher liquid height and higher flow rate conditions at a constant input power. This enhancement is attributed to the violent mixing effect and the significant change in the sound field and cavitation-active zone in the liquid. Higher sonochemical activity was obtained when air sparging was applied closer to the transducer module at a higher flow rate. Imaging the motion of the liquid surface and sonochemiluminescence revealed that the instability of the liquid body was directly related to the sonochemical activity.

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