Enhancement of the photo conversion efficiencies in Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 solar cells fabricated by two-step sulfurization process

Jung Yup Yang, Junggyu Nam, Dongseop Kim, Geeyeong Kim, William Jo, Yoon Mook Kang, Dongho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 (CIGSS) absorber layers were fabricated by using a modified two-stage sputter and a sequential selenization/sulfurization method, and the sulfurization process is changed from one-step to two-step. The two-step sulfurization was controlled with two different H2S gas concentrations during the sulfurization treatment. This two-step process yielded remarkable improvements in the efficiency (+0.7%), open circuit voltage (+14 mV), short circuit current (+0.23 mA/cm2), and fill factor (+0.21%) of a CIGSS device with 30 × 30 cm2 in size, owing to the good passivation at the grain boundary surface, uniform material composition among the grain boundaries, and modified depth profile of Ga and S. The deterioration of the P/N junction quality was prevented by the optimized S content in the CIGSS absorber layer. The effects of the passivation quality at the grain boundary surface, the material uniformity, the compositional depth profiles, the microstructure, and the electrical characteristics were examined by Kelvin probe force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, secondary ion mass spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, and current-voltage curves, respectively. The two-step sulfurization process is experimentally found to be useful for obtaining good surface conditions and, enhancing the efficiency, for the mass production of large CIGSS modules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number193901
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume107
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 9

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solar cells
augmentation
grain boundaries
passivity
absorbers
short circuit currents
profiles
open circuit voltage
deterioration
secondary ion mass spectrometry
modules
microscopy
microstructure
scanning electron microscopy
probes
electric potential
curves
diffraction
gases
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Enhancement of the photo conversion efficiencies in Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 solar cells fabricated by two-step sulfurization process. / Yang, Jung Yup; Nam, Junggyu; Kim, Dongseop; Kim, Geeyeong; Jo, William; Kang, Yoon Mook; Lee, Dongho.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, No. 19, 193901, 09.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Jung Yup ; Nam, Junggyu ; Kim, Dongseop ; Kim, Geeyeong ; Jo, William ; Kang, Yoon Mook ; Lee, Dongho. / Enhancement of the photo conversion efficiencies in Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 solar cells fabricated by two-step sulfurization process. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 107, No. 19.
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