The thermal stability and catalytic activity of endoglucanase (EngD) from mesophilic Clostridium cellulovorans were improved by evolutionary molecular engineering. Thermostable mutants were isolated after staggered extension process (StEP) with celE from thermophilic Clostridium thermocellum performed to conduct family shuffling and overlay screening of the resultant mutant library. The relative activity of the best-evolved clone has been improved of about 2 times higher at 50 °C and showed a higher kcat/Km value than its engD parental clone. We determined that these variants had two amino acid substitutions (L157N, Q158E) and confirmed their effects by substituting these amino acids in the parental gene by site-directed mutagenesis. These substitutions resulted in an increase in hydrophilic or charged residues. Our results demonstrate that in vitro recombination is an effective approach to improve the thermostability and enzymatic activity of a mesophilic enzyme.
- Clostridium cellulovorans
- Clostridium thermocellum
- in vitro DNA recombination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology