Enhancing effects of ceramide derivatives on 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-induced differentiation of human HL-60 leukemia cells

Dong Soo Kim, Seung Hyun Kim, Ju Han Song, Young Tae Chang, Seung Yong Hwang, Tae Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Differentiation-inducing therapy by agents such as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] represents a useful approach for the treatment for cancer, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recent studies demonstrated that the combined administration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and differentiation-enhancing agents could alleviate the side effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and improve the rate of long term survival. In this study, we determined the enhancing activities of ceramide derivatives on 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced differentiation of human myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells. Importantly, some of these derivatives-namely, A2, B3, and H9-enhanced the 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, the morphologic studies using Giemsa staining and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the combined treatment of 1,25-(OH)2D3 with one of the three analogues, A2, B3, and H9, directed the HL-60 cells into monocytic lineage, but not into granulocytic lineage. The inhibition studies demonstrated that A2, B3, and H9, enhanced 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells via the PI3-K/PKC/JNK/ERK pathways. The ability of ceramide derivatives to enhance the differentiation-inducing potential of 1,25-(OH)2D3 may contribute to an effective therapy for AML.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1638-1644
Number of pages7
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number25-26
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 14


  • 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
  • Ceramide library
  • Differentiation
  • Leukemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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