Hemispherical grained silicon (HSG Si) is a state-of-the-art method used to increase the surface area of the bottom electrode in an ultralarge-scale integration dynamic random access memory (ULSI DRAM) stacked capacitor. Since contaminants affect the formation and growth of HSG Si, the control of surface cleanliness on amorphous Si of the bottom electrode is crucial. The most critical contaminant is native oxide which forms when amorphous Si surface of the bottom electrode is exposed to air. Native oxide growth is mainly influenced by airborne ozone (O3). In this work, it is shown that the native oxide grows linearly with exposure time to O3. Also we show that there is a high growth rate of native oxide at a high concentration of O3, and that HSG-Si formation in O3 is related to crystalline quality, morphology, and reflectivity. Electrical characteristics of HSG Si are evaluated with respective O3 conditions and a variation of capacitance is observed. Additionally, an in situ precleaning process followed by the growth of HSG Si under vacuum and implementation of O3 chemical filters are proposed in order to control O3.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry