Enzyme-conjugated CdSe/ZnS quantum dot biosensors for glucose detection

Gang Il Kim, Yun Mo Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conjugated nanocrystals using CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots modified by organic linkers and glucose oxidase (GOx) were prepared for use as biosensors. The trioctylphophine oxide (TOPO)-capped QDs were first modified to give them water-solubility by terminal carboxyl groups that were bonded to the amino groups of GOx through an EDC/NHS coupling reaction. As the glucose concentration increased, the photoluminescence intensity was enhanced linearly due to the electron transfer during the enzymatic reaction. The UV-visible spectra of the as-prepared QDs are identical to that of QDs-MAA. This shows that these QDs do not become agglomerated during ligand exchanges. A photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopic study showed that the PL intensity of the QDs-GOx bioconjugates was increased in the presence of glucose. These glucose sensors showed linearity up to approximately 15 mM and became gradually saturated above 15 mM because the excess glucose did not affect the enzymatic oxidation reaction past that amount. These biosensors show highly sensitive variation in terms of their photoluminescence depending on the glucose concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-49
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Materials Research
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • CdSe/ZnS quantum dots
  • Glucose oxidase(GOx)
  • Ligand exchange
  • Photoluminescense(PL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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