Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected Korean: Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study

Yunsu Choi, Bo Youl Choi, Soo Min Kim, Sang Il Kim, June Kim, Jun Young Choi, Shin Woo Kim, Joon Young Song, Youn Jeong Kim, Dae Won Park, Hyo Youl Kim, Hee Jung Choi, Mee Kyung Kee, Young Hyun Shin, Myeongsu Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To manage evidence-based diseases, it is important to identify the characteristics of patients in each country. METHODS: The Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study seeks to identify the epidemiological characteristics of 1,442 Korean individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (12% of Korean individuals with HIV infection in 2017) who visited 21 university hospitals nationwide. The descriptive statistics were presented using the Korea HIV/AIDS cohort data (2006-2016). RESULTS: Men accounted for 93.3% of the total number of respondents, and approximately 55.8% of respondents reported having an acute infection symptom. According to the transmission route, infection caused by sexual contact accounted for 94.4%, of which 60.4% were caused by sexual contact with the same sex or both males and females. Participants repeatedly answered the survey to decrease depression and anxiety scores. Of the total participants, 89.1% received antiretroviral therapy (ART). In the initial ART, 95.3% of patients were treated based on the recommendation. The median CD4 T-cell count at the time of diagnosis was 229.5 and improved to 331 after the initial ART. Of the patients, 16.6% and 9.4% had tuberculosis and syphilis, respectively, and 26.7% had pneumocystis pneumonia. In the medical history, sexually transmitted infectious diseases showed the highest prevalence, followed by endocrine diseases. The main reasons for termination were loss to follow-up (29.9%) and withdrawal of consent (18.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis and ART should be performed at an appropriate time to prevent the development of new infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e2019037
JournalEpidemiology and health
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • AIDS-related opportunistic infections
  • Antiretroviral therapy highly active
  • Communicable diseases
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Choi, Y., Choi, B. Y., Kim, S. M., Kim, S. I., Kim, J., Choi, J. Y., Kim, S. W., Song, J. Y., Kim, Y. J., Park, D. W., Kim, H. Y., Choi, H. J., Kee, M. K., Shin, Y. H., & Yoo, M. (2019). Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected Korean: Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study. Epidemiology and health, 41, e2019037. https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019037