Background: Mucus hypersecretion is a common response to inflammation in the lower airways and is a hallmark of chronic rhinitis. Objective: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of regranulation (mucus production) of goblet cells in nasal epitheliumú Methods: Because neutrophils induce an epidermal growth factor (EGFR) cascade, we induced degranulation of goblet cells in rat nasal respiratory epithelium by means of intranasal inhalation of N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), and we examined regranulation of the goblet cells and the role of EGFR inhibitors and neutrophils in the regranulation process. Results: In the control state Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff and mucin MUC5AC staining was present. Degranulation was induced in the nasal septal epithelium 4 hours after intranasal inhalation of fMLP (10-7 mol/L); 48 hours later, goblet-cell regranulation was complete. In the control state EGFR protein staining was absent in the epithelium, but after fMLP-induced degranulation, EGFR protein was expressed. After pretreatment with BIBX1522, a selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, fMLP-induced degranulation was unaffected, but goblet-cell regranulation was prevented completely. Conclusion: These data suggest a role for the EGFR cascade in neutrophil-dependent production of goblet-cell mucins. Proving this theory will require the use of selective EGFR inhibitors in clinical studies of nasal hypersecretory states.
- Epidermal growth factor receptor cascade
- Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase activation
- Mucin expression
- Nasal hypersecretion
- Secretory cell growth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy