Previous studies reported the beneficial effect of erythropoietin (EPO) in acute injuries. We followed patients with and without acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and evaluated the effect of EPO on long-term outcome. We also assessed the efficacy of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) as a predictive marker of AKI. Seventy-one patients scheduled for elective CABG were randomly given either 300 U/kg of EPO or saline before CABG. The primary outcome was AKI, and the secondary outcome was the all-cause-mortality and composite of all-cause-mortality and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Twenty-one patients had AKI, 14 (66.7%) in the placebo group and 7 (33.3%) in the EPO group (P = 0.05). Also, uNGAL was higher in the patients with AKI than in those without AKI at baseline, 2, 4, 24, and 72 hr after CABG (P = 0.011). Among patients with AKI, 2-week creatinine (Cr) was not different from baseline Cr in the EPO group, but 2-week Cr was significantly higher than baseline Cr in the placebo group (P = 0.009). All-cause-mortality (P = 0.022) and the composite of all-cause-mortality and ESRD (P = 0.003) were reduced by EPO. EPO reduces all-cause-mortality and ESRD in patients with AKI, largely due to the beneficial effect of EPO on recovery after AKI.
- Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin protein
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