Cholangiocarcinoma (CC), a malignant neoplasm of the biliary epithelium, is usually fatal because of difficulty in early diagnosis and lack of availability of effective therapy. Furthermore, little is known about the genetics and biology of CC. Only a few reports concerning cytogenetic studies of CC have been published, and few cell lines have been established. We recently established four CC cell lines, designated as SCK, JCK, Cho-CK, and Choi-CK, and report the first application of cross-species color banding (RxFISH) and multiple chromosome painting for the characterization of the chromosomal rearrangements of these CC cell lines. Each cell line had unique modal karyotypic characteristics and showed a variable number of numerical and structural clonal cytogenetic aberrations. Chromosomes 3, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14, 17, and 18 were commonly involved in structural abnormalities. Homogeneously staining regions were determined in SCK and JCK, and double minute chromosomes were found in Cho-CK. The chromosomal aberrations of the four CC cell lines were effectively analyzed by RxFISH and FISH with multiple chromosome painting probes. The nonrandom rearrangements suggest candidate regions for isolation of genes related to CC. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research