Estimation of absorbed organ doses and effective dose based on body mass index in digital radiography

Hyun Ji Kim, Min Seok Park, Song Yi Park, Hoi Woun Jeong, Jungmin Kim, Youhyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


With the introduction of digital radiography, patients undergoing radiographic procedures are subject to being overexposed to radiation. Therefore, it is necessary to estimate the absorbed organ dose and the effective dose, which are significant for patient health, along with body type. During chest radiographic examinations conducted in 899 patients for screening, the absorbed dose of the 13 major organs, the average whole-body dose, and two effective doses weighted by factors published in ICRP 60 and ICRP 103 were calculated on the basis of patient information such as height, weight and examination condition, including kilovolt potential, focus-skin distance and entrance surface dose (ESD), using a PC-based Monte Carloprogram simulation. It was found that dose per unit ESD had a tendency to decrease with body mass index (BMI). In particular, the absorbed dose for most organs was larger at high voltages (140 kVp) than at low voltages (120 kVp, 100 kVp). In addition, the effective dose which was based on ICRP 60 and ICRP 103 also represented the same tendency in respect of BMI and tube voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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