Estimation of the spinal twisting angle using inertial measurement units during a rod derotation surgery in idiopathic scoliosis patients

Hyun Mu Heo, Seung Eel Oh, Seung-Woo Suh, Jae Hyuk Yang, Su Hyun Youn, Taeyong Sim, Joung Hwan Mun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study proposes a method to measure the twisting angle of a rod during a spinal correction surgery in real-time without performing an alignment procedure by using the six-axis data (tri-axis acceleration, tri-axis rate gyro) of the IMU and a Tait-Bryan Euler angle algorithm. To determine whether the twisting angle calculation algorithm offered an improvement, typical procedures described in existing studies were implemented using the same experimental data and were then validated using a three-dimensional motion analysis system (Vicon 460 motion analysis system). The correlation coefficients and the RMSE of the proposed method were 0.904 and 0.680° in the servo-motor experiment, and 0.988 and 0.691° in the mock surgery experiment, respectively, and these values were not significantly different from those calculated through other methods in previous studies. Therefore, if the proposed method is used during surgery, an alignment procedure and the assumptions following the morphology of body, which are limitations of prior research, are not necessary. Also the twisting angle of the rod can be observed without using magnetic data of IMU in real time during surgery. It is expected that the correction loss, which is a serious problem that can occur in patients after spinal correction, could be prevented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-159
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Biomedicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1



  • Euler angle
  • Idiopathic scoliosis
  • Inertial measurement unit
  • Rod derotation
  • Spinal twisting angle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this