Estrogen deficiency and low-calcium diet increased bone loss and urinary calcium excretion but did not alter arterial stiffness in young female rats

Jonghoon Park, Naomi Omi, Toshiya Nosaka, Ayako Kitajima, Ikuko Ezawa

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many epidemiological studies have reported that the severity of arterial diseases such as arterial calcification and stiffness is inversely related to bone loss, i.e., osteoporosis. However, the nature of this relationship is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influences of estrogen deficiency and/or low-calcium diet (0.1% Ca) on bone metabolism and calcium balance, as well as aortic wall composition and stiffness in young female rats. Twenty-eight 6-week-old female rats were randomized into four groups: OVX-Low calcium (OL) and OVX-Normal calcium groups (ON) were ovariectomized, and Sham-Low calcium (SL) and Sham-Normal calcium groups (SN) were sham-operated. After 12 weeks, the bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and tibial proximal metaphysis were significantly lower in ON than in SN, and also significantly lower in OL than in ON. Additionally, OL rats had significant higher (vs. SN and SL) urinary deoxypyridinoline, but not urinary calcium, excretion at 4 weeks after ovariectomy. However, at 12 weeks after ovariectomy, urinary calcium excretion was significantly higher in OL than in SL, with corresponding increases in two bone turnover markers, bone-type alkaline phosphatase and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. Neither estrogen deficiency nor low-calcium diet affected aortic stiffness or elastin degeneration and calcium deposition over the course of the present study, although changes of bone metabolism occurred rapidly. Taken together, these results show that bone loss and arterial stiffness did not progress simultaneously in the present experimental protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-225
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 20
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Bone loss
  • Dietary Ca restriction
  • Estrogen deficiency
  • Urinary Ca excretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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