Evaluation of a urinary test as a diagnostic tool of a nonprogressive pregnancy

Silhem Mazouz, Jae Kwan Lee, Hervé Fernandez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To evaluate the performance of a one-step test detecting intact hCG and free β-hCG isoforms in the urine of pregnant women to diagnose an abnormal pregnancy. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Emergency gynecology departments in teaching hospitals. Patient(s): Five hundred twenty-six patients were enrolled, 272 who were not pregnant and 254 who were pregnant. Intervention(s) and Main Outcome Measure(s): Semiquantitative determination of intact urinary hCG of supposedly not pregnant and pregnant women with vaginal bleeding and/or vaginal pain between 5 and 8 weeks of amenorrhea. Result(s): The sensitivity and specificity of the urine test for diagnosing nonpregnancy were, respectively, 100% (252/252) and 100% (272/272). The sensitivity and specificity of the urine test for diagnosing ectopic pregnancy (EP) were, respectively, 97% (32/33) and 83% (142/171). The negative predictive value is 99.3% (142/143). The sensitivity and specificity or the urine test for diagnosing miscarriage were, respectively, 89.6% (43/48) and 83% (142/171). The negative predictive value is 96.6% (142/147). Conclusion(s): Abnormal pregnancy, such as an EP or a miscarriage, can be rapidly detected with the one-step test for intact hCG and free β-hCG isoforms. If ultrasound cannot confirm the localization and/or evolution of a pregnancy, using this test reduces medical supervision and repeated quantification of hCG.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)783-786
    Number of pages4
    JournalFertility and Sterility
    Volume95
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

    Keywords

    • Abnormal pregnancy
    • ectopic pregnancy
    • free β-hCG
    • hCG
    • intact hCG
    • miscarriage
    • urine test

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Reproductive Medicine
    • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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