Evaluation of anxiety and depressive levels in tinnitus patients

Chang Gun Cho, Jun Hyuk Chi, Jae Jun Song, Eun Kyeong Lee, Bo Hae Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background and Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationship between tinnitus and the level of anxiety and depression experienced by subjective tinnitus patients, and to determine the effect of the level of anxiety and depression to the results of tinnitus treatment. Subjects and Methods: A total of 104 patients were included in this study. All the patients conducted Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State Trait Anxiety Inventory 1, 2 (STAI 1, 2) to evaluate their psychometric properties. The subjective patterns of tinnitus before and after treatment were assessed through questionnaires. Results: Significant correlation between THI scores and BDI, STAI 1, 2 scores were observed in the moderate and severe tinnitus group. The patients were classified into two groups depending on their THI scores, and also classified into two groups according to BDI, STAI 1, 2 results. Analysis of differences after treatment indicated significantly improved VAS scores after treatment in all groups. Conclusions: The subjective level of tinnitus is significantly related with depression and anxiety symptoms when inconvenience caused by tinnitus was moderate or over. Assessments on tinnitus after treatment appeared to have improved significantly regardless of the severity of tinnitus, level of depression or anxiety disorder.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)83-89
    Number of pages7
    JournalKorean Journal of Audiology
    Volume17
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep

    Keywords

    • Anxiety disorder
    • Depression
    • Tinnitus

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sensory Systems
    • Speech and Hearing

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