Evaluation of deformation modulus of cemented sand using CPT and DMT

Moon Joo Lee, Sung Jin Hong, Young Min Choi, Woojin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of penetration tests (CPTs and DMTs) and 1-dimensional compression tests are performed on artificially cemented sands to investigate the cementation effect on the deformation characteristics of sand. The constrained modulus (M) is observed to be more sensitive to the cementation than the measurements by CPT and DMT because the cementation effect is not fully reflected in the CPT and DMT results due to the damage of cementation induced during the penetration. As the cementation causes similar effects on the horizontal stress index (KD) and cone resistance (qc), the KD-qc/sigma;v' relation is observed to be similar for both uncemented and cemented sands, regardless of the cementation degree. It is also shown that the dilatometer modulus (ED) of cemented sand is larger than that of uncemented sand at the same qc and the difference increases with the cementation degree. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand are significantly larger than those of uncemented sand. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand decrease with increasing qc, while those of uncemented sand are almost constant. It is also found that the M/ED-qc/pa relationship of cemented sand is independent of the cementation degree.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalEngineering Geology
Volume115
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

Fingerprint

cementation
Sand
sand
evaluation
Dilatometers
penetration test
Cones
Compaction
penetration
compression
damage
effect

Keywords

  • Cementation
  • Cone penetration test
  • Deformation modulus
  • Dilatometer test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

Evaluation of deformation modulus of cemented sand using CPT and DMT. / Lee, Moon Joo; Hong, Sung Jin; Choi, Young Min; Lee, Woojin.

In: Engineering Geology, Vol. 115, No. 1-2, 01.09.2010, p. 28-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Moon Joo ; Hong, Sung Jin ; Choi, Young Min ; Lee, Woojin. / Evaluation of deformation modulus of cemented sand using CPT and DMT. In: Engineering Geology. 2010 ; Vol. 115, No. 1-2. pp. 28-35.
@article{b6e1122f42134173835de796366a37bd,
title = "Evaluation of deformation modulus of cemented sand using CPT and DMT",
abstract = "A series of penetration tests (CPTs and DMTs) and 1-dimensional compression tests are performed on artificially cemented sands to investigate the cementation effect on the deformation characteristics of sand. The constrained modulus (M) is observed to be more sensitive to the cementation than the measurements by CPT and DMT because the cementation effect is not fully reflected in the CPT and DMT results due to the damage of cementation induced during the penetration. As the cementation causes similar effects on the horizontal stress index (KD) and cone resistance (qc), the KD-qc/sigma;v' relation is observed to be similar for both uncemented and cemented sands, regardless of the cementation degree. It is also shown that the dilatometer modulus (ED) of cemented sand is larger than that of uncemented sand at the same qc and the difference increases with the cementation degree. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand are significantly larger than those of uncemented sand. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand decrease with increasing qc, while those of uncemented sand are almost constant. It is also found that the M/ED-qc/pa relationship of cemented sand is independent of the cementation degree.",
keywords = "Cementation, Cone penetration test, Deformation modulus, Dilatometer test",
author = "Lee, {Moon Joo} and Hong, {Sung Jin} and Choi, {Young Min} and Woojin Lee",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.06.016",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "28--35",
journal = "Engineering Geology",
issn = "0013-7952",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of deformation modulus of cemented sand using CPT and DMT

AU - Lee, Moon Joo

AU - Hong, Sung Jin

AU - Choi, Young Min

AU - Lee, Woojin

PY - 2010/9/1

Y1 - 2010/9/1

N2 - A series of penetration tests (CPTs and DMTs) and 1-dimensional compression tests are performed on artificially cemented sands to investigate the cementation effect on the deformation characteristics of sand. The constrained modulus (M) is observed to be more sensitive to the cementation than the measurements by CPT and DMT because the cementation effect is not fully reflected in the CPT and DMT results due to the damage of cementation induced during the penetration. As the cementation causes similar effects on the horizontal stress index (KD) and cone resistance (qc), the KD-qc/sigma;v' relation is observed to be similar for both uncemented and cemented sands, regardless of the cementation degree. It is also shown that the dilatometer modulus (ED) of cemented sand is larger than that of uncemented sand at the same qc and the difference increases with the cementation degree. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand are significantly larger than those of uncemented sand. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand decrease with increasing qc, while those of uncemented sand are almost constant. It is also found that the M/ED-qc/pa relationship of cemented sand is independent of the cementation degree.

AB - A series of penetration tests (CPTs and DMTs) and 1-dimensional compression tests are performed on artificially cemented sands to investigate the cementation effect on the deformation characteristics of sand. The constrained modulus (M) is observed to be more sensitive to the cementation than the measurements by CPT and DMT because the cementation effect is not fully reflected in the CPT and DMT results due to the damage of cementation induced during the penetration. As the cementation causes similar effects on the horizontal stress index (KD) and cone resistance (qc), the KD-qc/sigma;v' relation is observed to be similar for both uncemented and cemented sands, regardless of the cementation degree. It is also shown that the dilatometer modulus (ED) of cemented sand is larger than that of uncemented sand at the same qc and the difference increases with the cementation degree. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand are significantly larger than those of uncemented sand. The M/qc and M/ED of cemented sand decrease with increasing qc, while those of uncemented sand are almost constant. It is also found that the M/ED-qc/pa relationship of cemented sand is independent of the cementation degree.

KW - Cementation

KW - Cone penetration test

KW - Deformation modulus

KW - Dilatometer test

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955769492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955769492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.06.016

DO - 10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.06.016

M3 - Article

VL - 115

SP - 28

EP - 35

JO - Engineering Geology

JF - Engineering Geology

SN - 0013-7952

IS - 1-2

ER -