Evaluation of dual γ-ray imager with active collimator using various types of scintillators

Wonho Lee, Taewoong Lee, Manhee Jeong, Ho Kyung Kim

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The performance of a specialized dual γ-ray imager using both mechanical and electronic collimation was evaluated by Monte Carlo simulation (MCNP5). The dual imager consisted of an active collimator and a planar detector that were made from scintillators. The active collimator served not only as a coded aperture for mechanical collimation but also as a first detector for electronic collimation. Therefore, a single system contained both mechanical and electronic collimation. Various types of scintillators were tested and compared with each other in terms of their angular resolution, efficiency, and background noise. In general, a BGO active collimator had the best mechanical collimation performance, and an LaCl 3(Ce) active collimator provided the best electronic collimation performance. However, for low radiation energies, the mechanical collimation images made from both scintillators showed the same quality, and, for high radiation energies, electronic collimation images made from both scintillators also show similar quality. Therefore, if mechanical collimation is used to detect low-energy radiation and electronic collimation is applied to reconstruct a high-energy source, either LaCl 3(Ce) or BGO would be appropriate for the active collimator of a dual γ-ray imager. These results broaden the choice of scintillators for the active collimator of the dual γ-ray imager, which makes it possible to consider other factors, such as machinability and cost, in making the imager. As a planar detector, BGO showed better performance than other scintillators since its radiation detection efficiency was highest of all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1560-1567
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct


  • Compton camera
  • Dual imager
  • MURA
  • Scintillator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation


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