Evaluation of error indices of radar rain rate targeting rainfall-runoff analysis

Chulsang Yoo, Jung Mo Ku, Jungsoo Yoon, Jungho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluates several error indices of the radar rain rate from the viewpoint of the accuracy of rainfall-runoff analysis. The error indices considered in this study are the mean error (ME), mean absolute error (MAE), normalized standard deviation (NSD), correlation coefficient (CC), bias (BS), and radar rain rate quality criterion (RRQC). These indices were analyzed using the concept of sum of squares (SS) and mean squares (MS) in the analysis of variance (ANOVA), which explains how the bias and random error of the radar rain rate are combined in an error index. Also, these error indices were linked to the errors in the runoff result, such as the total runoff volume, peak flow, and peak time. As an application, two dam basins in Korea were selected, the Chungju Dam basin and the Namgang Dam basin. The radar rain rates from Gwangdeoksan Radar and Gudeoksan Radar were used as input for the rainfall-runoff analysis. Six different rainfall events were applied to secure various rainfall types. As a result, it was found that ME, BS, and RRQC were linearly proportional to the errors in the runoff result. This result indicates that the bias plays a dominant role in the evaluation of the radar rain rate, targeting the rainfall-runoff analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number05016021
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept 1


  • Error index
  • Radar rain rate
  • Runoff error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)


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