Evaluation of porous platinum, nickel, and lanthanum strontium cobaltite as electrode materials for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Hojean Jung, Kiho Bae, Dong Young Jang, Yoon Ho Lee, Suk Won Cha, Joon Hyung Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous Pt, Ni, and lanthanum strontium cobaltite (LSC) are evaluated as electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells at the low temperature range under 500 °C. Porous metal electrodes 150 nm thick are prepared by sputtering. Porous LSC was deposited to a typical thickness of 1.5 μm by pulsed laser deposition as the cathode. In terms of fuel cell performance, we confirm that Pt is the best material for both the cathode and the anode under 400 °C, but LSC outperforms Pt as a cathode at temperatures over 450 °C in our configurations. Porous Ni anode is identified as being less effective than the porous Pt. It is determined that these results are closely related to the differences in electrode performance and to morphological changes during fuel cell operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17828-17835
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Lanthanum
Strontium
solid oxide fuel cells
electrode materials
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
lanthanum
strontium
Platinum
platinum
Cathodes
cathodes
Nickel
nickel
Electrodes
fuel cells
evaluation
Fuel cells
Anodes
anodes
electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Evaluation of porous platinum, nickel, and lanthanum strontium cobaltite as electrode materials for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells. / Jung, Hojean; Bae, Kiho; Jang, Dong Young; Lee, Yoon Ho; Cha, Suk Won; Shim, Joon Hyung.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 39, No. 31, 01.01.2014, p. 17828-17835.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bae, Kiho

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AU - Lee, Yoon Ho

AU - Cha, Suk Won

AU - Shim, Joon Hyung

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AB - Porous Pt, Ni, and lanthanum strontium cobaltite (LSC) are evaluated as electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells at the low temperature range under 500 °C. Porous metal electrodes 150 nm thick are prepared by sputtering. Porous LSC was deposited to a typical thickness of 1.5 μm by pulsed laser deposition as the cathode. In terms of fuel cell performance, we confirm that Pt is the best material for both the cathode and the anode under 400 °C, but LSC outperforms Pt as a cathode at temperatures over 450 °C in our configurations. Porous Ni anode is identified as being less effective than the porous Pt. It is determined that these results are closely related to the differences in electrode performance and to morphological changes during fuel cell operation.

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