Evaluation of the CellaVision Advanced RBC Application for Detecting Red Blood Cell Morphological Abnormalities

Seong Jun Park, Jung Yoon, Jung Ah Kwon, Soo Young Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Advanced RBC Application of the CellaVision DM9600 system (CellaVision AB, Lund, Sweden) automatically characterizes and classifies red blood cells (RBCs) into 21 morphological categories based on their size, color, shape, and inclusions. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of the CellaVision Advanced RBC Application with respect to the classification and grading of RBC morphological abnormalities in accordance with the 2015 International Council for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH) guidelines. METHODS: A total of 223 samples, including 123 with RBC morphological abnormalities and 100 from healthy controls, were included. Seven RBC morphological abnormalities and their grading obtained with CellaVision DM9600 pre- and post-classification were compared with the results obtained using manual microscopic examination. The grading cut-off percentages were determined in accordance with the 2015 ICSH guidelines. The sensitivity and specificity of the CellaVision DM9600 system were evaluated using the manual microscopic examination results as a true positive. RESULTS: In pre-classification, >90% sensitivity was observed for target cells, tear drop cells, and schistocytes, while >90% specificity was observed for acanthocytes, spherocytes, target cells, and tear drop cells. In post-classification, the detection sensitivity and specificity of most RBC morphological abnormalities increased, except for schistocytes (sensitivity) and acanthocytes (specificity). The grade agreement rates ranged from 35.9% (echinocytes) to 89.7% (spherocytes) in pre-classification and from 46.2% (echinocytes) to 90.1% (spherocytes) in post-classification. The agreement rate of samples with within-one grade difference exceeded 90% in most categories, except for schistocytes and echinocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The Advanced RBC Application of CellaVision DM9600 is a valuable screening tool for detecting RBC morphological abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of laboratory medicine
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Advanced RBC Application
  • CellaVision DM9600
  • International Council for Standardization in Haematology guidelines
  • Morphology
  • Red blood cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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