Evaluation of the effectiveness of various amendments on trace metals stabilization by chemical and biological methods

Sang Hwan Lee, Hyun Park, Namin Koo, Seunghun Hyun, Anna Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of five different kinds of amendments on heavy metals stabilization. The five amendments were: zero valent iron, limestone, acid mine drainage treatment sludge, bone mill, and bottom ash. To determine bioavailability of the heavy metals, different chemical extraction procedures were used such as, extraction with (Ca(NO3)2, DTPA; toxic characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), physiologically based extraction test (PBET) that simulates gastric juice, and sequential extraction test. Bioavailability was also determined by measuring uptake of the heavy metals by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and earthworms (Eisenia fetida). In addition, dehydrogenase activity was measured to determine microbial activity in the soil with the different amendments. The addition of amendments, especially limestone and bottom ash, resulted in a significant reduction in extractable metal contents. Biological assays using lettuce, earthworm, and enzyme activity were found as appropriate indicators of available metal fraction after in situ stabilization of heavy metals. In conclusion, TCLP and sequential extraction test appear to be promising surrogate measure of metal bioavailability in soils for several environment endpoints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume188
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 15

Fingerprint

biological method
chemical method
Heavy Metals
Lettuce
Oligochaeta
trace metal
stabilization
Ashes
Stabilization
Metals
Heavy metals
heavy metal
Coal Ash
Biological Availability
bioavailability
bottom ash
Calcium Carbonate
Poisons
earthworm
metal

Keywords

  • Amendments
  • Bioaccessibility
  • Bioavailability
  • Heavy metals
  • Stabilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Evaluation of the effectiveness of various amendments on trace metals stabilization by chemical and biological methods. / Lee, Sang Hwan; Park, Hyun; Koo, Namin; Hyun, Seunghun; Hwang, Anna.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 188, No. 1-3, 15.04.2011, p. 44-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1fbf3d0ab3674a239e7494a0ed353d3c,
title = "Evaluation of the effectiveness of various amendments on trace metals stabilization by chemical and biological methods",
abstract = "We evaluated the effects of five different kinds of amendments on heavy metals stabilization. The five amendments were: zero valent iron, limestone, acid mine drainage treatment sludge, bone mill, and bottom ash. To determine bioavailability of the heavy metals, different chemical extraction procedures were used such as, extraction with (Ca(NO3)2, DTPA; toxic characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), physiologically based extraction test (PBET) that simulates gastric juice, and sequential extraction test. Bioavailability was also determined by measuring uptake of the heavy metals by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and earthworms (Eisenia fetida). In addition, dehydrogenase activity was measured to determine microbial activity in the soil with the different amendments. The addition of amendments, especially limestone and bottom ash, resulted in a significant reduction in extractable metal contents. Biological assays using lettuce, earthworm, and enzyme activity were found as appropriate indicators of available metal fraction after in situ stabilization of heavy metals. In conclusion, TCLP and sequential extraction test appear to be promising surrogate measure of metal bioavailability in soils for several environment endpoints.",
keywords = "Amendments, Bioaccessibility, Bioavailability, Heavy metals, Stabilization",
author = "Lee, {Sang Hwan} and Hyun Park and Namin Koo and Seunghun Hyun and Anna Hwang",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.01.046",
language = "English",
volume = "188",
pages = "44--51",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of the effectiveness of various amendments on trace metals stabilization by chemical and biological methods

AU - Lee, Sang Hwan

AU - Park, Hyun

AU - Koo, Namin

AU - Hyun, Seunghun

AU - Hwang, Anna

PY - 2011/4/15

Y1 - 2011/4/15

N2 - We evaluated the effects of five different kinds of amendments on heavy metals stabilization. The five amendments were: zero valent iron, limestone, acid mine drainage treatment sludge, bone mill, and bottom ash. To determine bioavailability of the heavy metals, different chemical extraction procedures were used such as, extraction with (Ca(NO3)2, DTPA; toxic characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), physiologically based extraction test (PBET) that simulates gastric juice, and sequential extraction test. Bioavailability was also determined by measuring uptake of the heavy metals by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and earthworms (Eisenia fetida). In addition, dehydrogenase activity was measured to determine microbial activity in the soil with the different amendments. The addition of amendments, especially limestone and bottom ash, resulted in a significant reduction in extractable metal contents. Biological assays using lettuce, earthworm, and enzyme activity were found as appropriate indicators of available metal fraction after in situ stabilization of heavy metals. In conclusion, TCLP and sequential extraction test appear to be promising surrogate measure of metal bioavailability in soils for several environment endpoints.

AB - We evaluated the effects of five different kinds of amendments on heavy metals stabilization. The five amendments were: zero valent iron, limestone, acid mine drainage treatment sludge, bone mill, and bottom ash. To determine bioavailability of the heavy metals, different chemical extraction procedures were used such as, extraction with (Ca(NO3)2, DTPA; toxic characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), physiologically based extraction test (PBET) that simulates gastric juice, and sequential extraction test. Bioavailability was also determined by measuring uptake of the heavy metals by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and earthworms (Eisenia fetida). In addition, dehydrogenase activity was measured to determine microbial activity in the soil with the different amendments. The addition of amendments, especially limestone and bottom ash, resulted in a significant reduction in extractable metal contents. Biological assays using lettuce, earthworm, and enzyme activity were found as appropriate indicators of available metal fraction after in situ stabilization of heavy metals. In conclusion, TCLP and sequential extraction test appear to be promising surrogate measure of metal bioavailability in soils for several environment endpoints.

KW - Amendments

KW - Bioaccessibility

KW - Bioavailability

KW - Heavy metals

KW - Stabilization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952485784&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952485784&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.01.046

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.01.046

M3 - Article

C2 - 21333442

AN - SCOPUS:79952485784

VL - 188

SP - 44

EP - 51

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

IS - 1-3

ER -