Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV

The CMS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390μb−1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy ET γ>2GeV, pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass mγγ>5GeV, diphoton transverse momentum pT γγ<1GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0±0.9(theo) events for the signal and 4.0±1.2(stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, σfid(γγ→γγ)=120±46(stat)±28(syst)±12(theo)nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The mγγ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the (Figure presented.) process, in the mass range (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Article number134826
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 10

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light scattering
collisions
exclusion
transverse momentum
scattering cross sections
center of mass
standard deviation
luminosity
energy
photons
predictions

Keywords

  • CMS
  • Light-by-light
  • PbPb
  • Photoproduction
  • UPC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{2e154d43c99f463faa2aaf8351bce517,
title = "Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV",
abstract = "Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390μb−1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy ET γ>2GeV, pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass mγγ>5GeV, diphoton transverse momentum pT γγ<1GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0±0.9(theo) events for the signal and 4.0±1.2(stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, σfid(γγ→γγ)=120±46(stat)±28(syst)±12(theo)nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The mγγ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the (Figure presented.) process, in the mass range (Figure presented.).",
keywords = "CMS, Light-by-light, PbPb, Photoproduction, UPC",
author = "{The CMS Collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and {Escalante Del Valle}, A. and M. Flechl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and A. Taurok and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and X. Janssen and J. Lauwers and M. Pieters and {Van Haevermaet}, H. and {Van Mechelen}, P. and {Van Remortel}, N. and {Abu Zeid}, S. and F. Blekman and J. D'Hondt and {De Bruyn}, I. and {De Clercq}, J. and K. Deroover and G. Flouris and Byungsik Hong",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2019.134826",
language = "English",
volume = "797",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at sNN=5.02TeV

AU - The CMS Collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Ambrogi, F.

AU - Asilar, E.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Brandstetter, J.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Escalante Del Valle, A.

AU - Flechl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - Krammer, N.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Madlener, T.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Rad, N.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Spanring, M.

AU - Spitzbart, D.

AU - Taurok, A.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wittmann, J.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Zarucki, M.

AU - Chekhovsky, V.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Di Croce, D.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Pieters, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Abu Zeid, S.

AU - Blekman, F.

AU - D'Hondt, J.

AU - De Bruyn, I.

AU - De Clercq, J.

AU - Deroover, K.

AU - Flouris, G.

AU - Hong, Byungsik

PY - 2019/10/10

Y1 - 2019/10/10

N2 - Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390μb−1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy ET γ>2GeV, pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass mγγ>5GeV, diphoton transverse momentum pT γγ<1GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0±0.9(theo) events for the signal and 4.0±1.2(stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, σfid(γγ→γγ)=120±46(stat)±28(syst)±12(theo)nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The mγγ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the (Figure presented.) process, in the mass range (Figure presented.).

AB - Evidence for the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02TeV is reported. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390μb−1 recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering processes are selected in events with two photons exclusively produced, each with transverse energy ET γ>2GeV, pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass mγγ>5GeV, diphoton transverse momentum pT γγ<1GeV, and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01. After all selection criteria are applied, 14 events are observed, compared to expectations of 9.0±0.9(theo) events for the signal and 4.0±1.2(stat) for the background processes. The excess observed in data relative to the background-only expectation corresponds to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations, and has properties consistent with those expected for the light-by-light scattering signal. The measured fiducial light-by-light scattering cross section, σfid(γγ→γγ)=120±46(stat)±28(syst)±12(theo)nb, is consistent with the standard model prediction. The mγγ distribution is used to set new exclusion limits on the production of pseudoscalar axion-like particles, via the (Figure presented.) process, in the mass range (Figure presented.).

KW - CMS

KW - Light-by-light

KW - PbPb

KW - Photoproduction

KW - UPC

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070721104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070721104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.134826

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.134826

M3 - Article

VL - 797

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

M1 - 134826

ER -