A highly conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) film, obtained by addition of a polar solvent, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), to an aqueous solution of PEDOT:PSS, was thoroughly investigated to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental characteristics of the solvent-modified PEDOT:PSS film. Use of the DMSO-modified PEDOT:PSS film as a transparent anode to achieve low-cost and high-efficiency ITO-free organic solar cells (OSCs) based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl)-propyl-1-phenyl-(6,6)C61 (PCBM) was also examined. Changes in the conductivity, morphology, surface composition, work-function, and anisotropic conductivity in both the parallel and perpendicular directions of solvent-treated PEDOT:PSS films that resulted from the addition of various amounts of DMSO were investigated to better understand the nature of the solvent-modified PEDOT:PSS film and the origin of its dramatically enhanced conductivity. Furthermore, the effects of using the modified PEDOT:PSS films as polymer anodes on solar cell performance were investigated by addition of various amounts of DMSO and by the use of PEDOT:PSS films with different thicknesses. The ITO-free OSCs with optimized PEDOT:PSS anodes had a high power conversion efficiency that was comparable to that of conventional ITO-based devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry