Evolution of the mantle beneath the eastern North China Craton during the Cenozoic

Linking geochemical and geophysical observations

Hong Yan Li, Yi Gang Xu, Jeffrey G. Ryan, Scott A. Whattam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent discoveries related to the geochemistry of Cenozoic basalts and the geophysics of the deep mantle beneath eastern Eurasia make it possible to place constraints on the relationship between the seismic tomography of subcontinental mantle domains and their geochemical heterogeneities. Basalts with ocean island basalt-like trace elements erupted during (56–23 Ma) and after (≤23 Ma) rifting of the eastern North China Craton (NCC) show evidence for the mixing of an isotopically depleted source and an EMI (Enriched mantle type I) pyroxenitic mantle. NCC rifting-stage basalts exhibit anomalously low MgO and Fe2O3 T and high SiO2 and Al2O3, as well as low Dy/Yb and Y/Yb and high εHf at a given εNd, as compared to the postrifting basalts. Temporal compositional variations and their association with basin subsidence indicate that heterogeneity in the eastern NCC asthenospheric mantle is the primary driver for intraplate magmatism in this region. The specific magmatic sources shifted in terms of depth, related to lithospheric thinning and thickening in the eastern NCC. The NCC EMI mantle domain most likely developed due to ancient events, is persistent through time, and is not related to dehydration of the stagnant Pacific slab in the mantle transition zone. Based on the chemical signatures of postrifting basalts, contributions from the Pacific slab are likely to be carbonatite rich. Mantle metasomatism by carbonatite melts from the Pacific slab and the interaction of these melts at shallower depths with EMI pyroxenitic mantle domains to trigger melting are contributors to the observed low P wave velocity zone beneath eastern Eurasia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-246
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

basalt
cratons
craton
China
Earth mantle
mantle
slabs
Eurasia
geophysics
slab
Geophysics
carbonatite
Geochemistry
subsidence
geochemistry
tomography
Subsidence
Trace Elements
melting
Dehydration

Keywords

  • intraplate basalts
  • low-velocity zone
  • magma source shift
  • North China Craton
  • stratified mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Evolution of the mantle beneath the eastern North China Craton during the Cenozoic : Linking geochemical and geophysical observations. / Li, Hong Yan; Xu, Yi Gang; Ryan, Jeffrey G.; Whattam, Scott A.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 122, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 224-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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