In this study, in situ differential electrochemical mass spectrometry was employed to investigate the electrochemical rechargeability of two types of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) as electrode materials for lithium-oxygen batteries by evaluating oxygen efficiency as well as coulombic efficiency. GNPs having hydrophobic surfaces exhibit much higher specific capacity than those having hydrophilic surfaces. When lithium nitrate-N,N-dimethylacetamide (LiNO<inf>3</inf>-DMAc) is used as the electrolyte, the lithium-oxygen battery exhibits a long cycle life, and unwanted side reactions are effectively suppressed. The LiNO<inf>3</inf>-DMAc electrolyte is more stable than the lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonamide-tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether electrolyte, as evidenced by high O<inf>2</inf> evolution and low CO<inf>2</inf> evolution.
- Differential electrochemical mass spectrometry
- Graphene nanoplatelets
- Li-oxygen batteries
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