Excellent Li-ion storage performances of hierarchical SnO-SnO2 composite powders and SnO nanoplates prepared by one-pot spray pyrolysis

Jung Hyun Kim, Kyung Min Jeon, Jin Sung Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders and SnO nanoplates with some SnO2 nanorods are prepared by one-pot spray pyrolysis. Dicyandiamide dissolved in the spray solution plays a key role in the preparation of the hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powder and SnO nanoplates. The hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders, in which the SnO nanoplates are trapped in the porous SnO2 nanosphere, are prepared by spray pyrolysis at 800 °C. Sufficient conversion of the porous SnO2 nanospheres to SnO at 900 °C results in aggregation-free SnO2 nanoplates. SnO2 nanorods with a spherical nanodroplet at the tip are formed by Ostwald ripening. The hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powder having high structural stability during repeated lithium alloying and dealloying reactions, shows superior discharge capacities and rate performances for lithium-ion storage compared to those of the dense-structured SnO2 powders. The discharge capacities of the hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders, SnO nanoplates with SnO2 nanorods, and dense-structured SnO2 powders at a current density of 1 A g−1 for the 300th cycle are 561, 504, and 416 mA h g−1, respectively. The SnO nanoplates with SnO2 nanorods and hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 powders deliver high reversible discharge capacities of 433 and 379 mA h g−1 at an extremely high current density of 10 A g−1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume359
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

ion storage
Spray pyrolysis
Powders
pyrolysis
sprayers
Ions
composite materials
Composite materials
Nanorods
nanorods
Nanospheres
Lithium
Current density
lithium
current density
Ostwald ripening
structural stability
Alloying
alloying
high current

Keywords

  • Electrode material
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Nanostructure
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Tin oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Excellent Li-ion storage performances of hierarchical SnO-SnO2 composite powders and SnO nanoplates prepared by one-pot spray pyrolysis. / Kim, Jung Hyun; Jeon, Kyung Min; Park, Jin Sung; Kang, Yun Chan.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 359, 01.01.2017, p. 363-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders and SnO nanoplates with some SnO2 nanorods are prepared by one-pot spray pyrolysis. Dicyandiamide dissolved in the spray solution plays a key role in the preparation of the hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powder and SnO nanoplates. The hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders, in which the SnO nanoplates are trapped in the porous SnO2 nanosphere, are prepared by spray pyrolysis at 800 °C. Sufficient conversion of the porous SnO2 nanospheres to SnO at 900 °C results in aggregation-free SnO2 nanoplates. SnO2 nanorods with a spherical nanodroplet at the tip are formed by Ostwald ripening. The hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powder having high structural stability during repeated lithium alloying and dealloying reactions, shows superior discharge capacities and rate performances for lithium-ion storage compared to those of the dense-structured SnO2 powders. The discharge capacities of the hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 composite powders, SnO nanoplates with SnO2 nanorods, and dense-structured SnO2 powders at a current density of 1 A g−1 for the 300th cycle are 561, 504, and 416 mA h g−1, respectively. The SnO nanoplates with SnO2 nanorods and hierarchical-structured SnO-SnO2 powders deliver high reversible discharge capacities of 433 and 379 mA h g−1 at an extremely high current density of 10 A g−1, respectively.",
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