Excited State Intramolecular Proton Transfer Dynamics of Oxadiazole-based Dyes

Jinyong Kim, Sehoon Kim, Soo Young Park, Taiha Joo

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Abstract

Excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) dynamics of two oxadiazole-based model compounds, 2,5-bis-[5-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-phenol (SOX) and 2,5-bis-[5-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazol-2-yl]-benzene-1,4-diol (DOX) have been investigated by time-resolved fluorescence. SOX and DOX have one and two intramolecular hydrogen bond moieties, respectively, where ESIPT may occur. Time-resolved fluorescence fully resolves the ESIPT dynamics and establishes the two-state conversion between the enol and keto isomers in the S 1 potential energy surface. The apparent inconsistency between the ESIPT rate and the steady-state spectrum is settled by invoking the conformational inhomogeneity including the intermolecular hydrogen bonding with protic solvents. The ESIPT rates of SOX and DOX are not as fast as those of typical ESIPT molecules, which indicates a finite barrier for the reaction. For DOX, ESIPT is enabled for only one hydroxyl moiety, and the ESIIPT rate is twice as fast as that of SOX. We propose a symmetric potential energy surface along the two proton transfer coordinates, and bifurcation of the initial probability density of the enol isomer into the two potential minima representing the keto isomer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-861
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Excited state intramolecular proton transfer
  • Time-resolved fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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