Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players

In Sung Park, Kea Joo Lee, Jong Woo Han, Nam-Joon Lee, Won Teak Lee, Kyung Ah Park, Im Joo Rhyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cerebellum is involved in the learning and retention of motor skills. Using animal and human models, a number of studies have shown that long-term motor skill training induces structural and functional plasticity in the cerebellum. The aim of this study was to investigate whether macroscopic alteration in the volume of cerebellum occurs in basketball players who had learned complex motor skills and practiced them intensively for a long time. Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging volumetry was performed in basketball players (n∈=∈19) and healthy controls (n∈=∈20), and the volumes of cerebellum and vermian lobules were compared between two groups. Although there was no macroscopic plasticity detected in the cerebellum as a whole, detailed parcellation of cerebellum revealed morphological enlargement in the vermian lobules VI-VII (declive, folium, and tuber) of basketball players (P∈<∈0.0166), which might then be interpreted as evidence for plasticity. This finding suggests that the extensive practice and performance of sports-related motor skills activate structural plasticity of vermian lobules in human cerebellum and suggests that vermian VI-VII plays an important role in motor learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-339
Number of pages6
JournalCerebellum
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Basketball
Cerebellum
Motor Skills
Learning
Athletic Performance
Cerebellar Vermis
Animal Models
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Keywords

  • Brain volumetry
  • Coordination
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Motor learning
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Park, I. S., Lee, K. J., Han, J. W., Lee, N-J., Lee, W. T., Park, K. A., & Rhyu, I. J. (2009). Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players. Cerebellum, 8(3), 334-339. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-009-0100-1

Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players. / Park, In Sung; Lee, Kea Joo; Han, Jong Woo; Lee, Nam-Joon; Lee, Won Teak; Park, Kyung Ah; Rhyu, Im Joo.

In: Cerebellum, Vol. 8, No. 3, 01.09.2009, p. 334-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, IS, Lee, KJ, Han, JW, Lee, N-J, Lee, WT, Park, KA & Rhyu, IJ 2009, 'Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players', Cerebellum, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 334-339. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-009-0100-1
Park IS, Lee KJ, Han JW, Lee N-J, Lee WT, Park KA et al. Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players. Cerebellum. 2009 Sep 1;8(3):334-339. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-009-0100-1
Park, In Sung ; Lee, Kea Joo ; Han, Jong Woo ; Lee, Nam-Joon ; Lee, Won Teak ; Park, Kyung Ah ; Rhyu, Im Joo. / Experience-dependent plasticity of cerebellar vermis in basketball players. In: Cerebellum. 2009 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 334-339.
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