Experimental correlation of combined heat and mass transfer for NH3-H2O falling film absorption

Yong Tae Kang, Atsushi Akisawa, Takao Kashiwagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, experimental analysis was performed for ammonia-water falling film absorption process in a plate heat exchanger with enhanced surfaces such as offset strip fin. This article examined the effects of liquid and vapor flow characteristics, inlet subcooling of the liquid flow and inlet concentration difference on heat and mass transfer performance. The inlet liquid concentration was selected as 5%, 10% and 15% of ammonia by mass while the inlet vapor concentration was varied from 64.7% to 79.7%. It was found that before absorption started, there was a rectification process at the top of the test section by the inlet subcooling effect. Water desorption phenomenon was found near the bottom of the test section. It was found that the lower inlet liquid temperature and the higher inlet vapor temperature, the higher Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are obtained. Nusselt and Sherwood number correlations were developed as functions of falling film Reynolds Re1, vapor Reynolds number Rev, inlet subcooling and inlet concentration difference with ±15% and ±20% error bands, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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