Experimental studies on formation, spreading and drying of inkjet drop of colloidal suspensions

Hansol Yoo, Chongyoup Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study the dynamic characteristics of inkjet drops from generation to drying are investigated experimentally. The inkjet drops were made from suspensions of 2. μm polystyrene spheres dispersed in octanol or heptanol. The particle loading was 5-25. vol%. Bare glass surfaces and aldehyde coated surfaces were used as solid substrates. The result shows that the presence of particles in the liquid is insensitive to the drop generation characteristics and the particles are uniformly distributed within the drop. At the impact stage, the spreading characteristics are practically the same regardless of Weber number considered here and presence particles. At the capillary spreading stage, the drop of suspension in octanol shows the same behavior as the drop of pure octanol. The drying characteristics are quite different depending on the presence of particles and/or the wetting characteristics of the solid substrate. Especially, the drying stage is closely related with the spreading stage in the case of suspensions. On the small contact angle surface, particles are arranged parallel to the contact line during the capillary spreading stage. They become fully arranged in the crystalline form over the whole surface at the last stage of drying by the attractive surface tension force between partially immersed particles. On the large contact angle surface, particles move toward the rim by the outward flow. It is demonstrated that a crystalline monolayer of particles can be obtained by the inkjet technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-245
Number of pages12
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume468
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 5

Fingerprint

Suspensions
Drying
Octanols
Contact angle
Heptanol
Crystalline materials
Polystyrenes
Substrates
Aldehydes
Surface tension
Wetting
Monolayers
Glass
Liquids

Keywords

  • Contact line
  • Drying mechanism
  • Inkjet printing
  • Printed electronics
  • Suspension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study the dynamic characteristics of inkjet drops from generation to drying are investigated experimentally. The inkjet drops were made from suspensions of 2. μm polystyrene spheres dispersed in octanol or heptanol. The particle loading was 5-25. vol{\%}. Bare glass surfaces and aldehyde coated surfaces were used as solid substrates. The result shows that the presence of particles in the liquid is insensitive to the drop generation characteristics and the particles are uniformly distributed within the drop. At the impact stage, the spreading characteristics are practically the same regardless of Weber number considered here and presence particles. At the capillary spreading stage, the drop of suspension in octanol shows the same behavior as the drop of pure octanol. The drying characteristics are quite different depending on the presence of particles and/or the wetting characteristics of the solid substrate. Especially, the drying stage is closely related with the spreading stage in the case of suspensions. On the small contact angle surface, particles are arranged parallel to the contact line during the capillary spreading stage. They become fully arranged in the crystalline form over the whole surface at the last stage of drying by the attractive surface tension force between partially immersed particles. On the large contact angle surface, particles move toward the rim by the outward flow. It is demonstrated that a crystalline monolayer of particles can be obtained by the inkjet technique.",
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AB - In this study the dynamic characteristics of inkjet drops from generation to drying are investigated experimentally. The inkjet drops were made from suspensions of 2. μm polystyrene spheres dispersed in octanol or heptanol. The particle loading was 5-25. vol%. Bare glass surfaces and aldehyde coated surfaces were used as solid substrates. The result shows that the presence of particles in the liquid is insensitive to the drop generation characteristics and the particles are uniformly distributed within the drop. At the impact stage, the spreading characteristics are practically the same regardless of Weber number considered here and presence particles. At the capillary spreading stage, the drop of suspension in octanol shows the same behavior as the drop of pure octanol. The drying characteristics are quite different depending on the presence of particles and/or the wetting characteristics of the solid substrate. Especially, the drying stage is closely related with the spreading stage in the case of suspensions. On the small contact angle surface, particles are arranged parallel to the contact line during the capillary spreading stage. They become fully arranged in the crystalline form over the whole surface at the last stage of drying by the attractive surface tension force between partially immersed particles. On the large contact angle surface, particles move toward the rim by the outward flow. It is demonstrated that a crystalline monolayer of particles can be obtained by the inkjet technique.

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