Experimental study on spreading and evaporation of inkjet printed pico-liter droplet on a heated substrate

Taewoong Lim, Sewoon Han, Jaewon Chung, Jin Taek Chung, Seunghwan Ko, Costas P. Grigoropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, the spreading and evaporation of 2-70 pL droplet (17-50 μm diameter) of water and ethylene glycol jetted by drop-on-demand piezo-driven jetting head on the heated substrate are studied. According to the experimental results, the interfacial oscillation phenomena of water droplet whose Ohnesorge number (Oh) is about 10-2 is similar to that in inviscid impact driven region, while that of ethylene glycol droplet (Oh ≈10-1) is similar to that in highly viscous impact driven region followed by capillary driven extra spreading. In addition, various time scales used for nano/micro-liter droplets agree well with the times for interfacial oscillation, viscous damping, extra wetting, and evaporation in pico-liter droplets. In the case of water droplet, the spreading processes end before the evaporation becomes significant. However, in the case of highly viscous ethylene glycol droplet, the extra wetting overlaps the evaporation at high temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-441
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume52
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Droplet
  • Evaporation
  • Flexible electronics
  • Inkjet
  • Spreading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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