Exploring ego-integrity in old adults: A Q-methodology study

Sung Ok Chang, Ju Hee Kim, Eun Sook Kong, Chun Gill Kim, Soo Yeon Ahn, Nam O. Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Achieving ego-integrity involves fully accepting oneself and is important in quality of later life, but the concept of ego-integrity in old adults has not yet been well articulated in nursing practice. Objectives: This study aimed to elucidate the concept of ego-integrity in late adulthood in terms of the range of meanings this concept embraces within contemporary Korean society. Design: Q-methodology was applied, which represents a method for measuring subjectivity. Settings: The study was performed in a community setting in the Republic of Korea. Participants: The participants were 26 old adults, aged 65-70 years, living in the community in Korea. Two inclusion criteria were applied: (1) the participants had to be literate and competent to ensure that they were able to sort the cards stating the Q-samples in a forced distributive manner, and (2) the participants were regarded by researchers as having achieved ego-integrity in late adulthood as described in the literature. Methods: Data obtained from June 2004 to December 2004 from a sample of 26 older adults were analyzed by PCQ software (a factor analysis program for the Q-technique) to delineate the factors of ego-integrity in late adulthood. Results: A four-factor solutions for the study subjects indicates that there were differences in the frames of reference in achieving ego-integrity in late adulthood. The frames of reference of the four factors were: (1) a satisfactory connection between the generations, (2) enjoying a peaceful life, (3) peace through acceptance, and (4) achieving a praiseworthy life in spite of adversity. Conclusion: The projected property of ego-integrity in late adulthood is closely related to cultural and psycho-social environmental influences throughout the life span. Culturally sensitive life-reviews methods need to be developed to intervene in the specific ways that individual older adults achieve their own ego-integrity throughout their life experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-256
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Ego
integrity
adulthood
methodology
Korea
Republic of Korea
Life Change Events
life-span
Statistical Factor Analysis
community
subjectivity
republic
factor analysis
peace
Nursing
nursing
Software
acceptance
inclusion
Quality of Life

Keywords

  • Ego-integrity
  • Late adulthood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Exploring ego-integrity in old adults : A Q-methodology study. / Chang, Sung Ok; Kim, Ju Hee; Kong, Eun Sook; Kim, Chun Gill; Ahn, Soo Yeon; Cho, Nam O.

In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.02.2008, p. 246-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Sung Ok ; Kim, Ju Hee ; Kong, Eun Sook ; Kim, Chun Gill ; Ahn, Soo Yeon ; Cho, Nam O. / Exploring ego-integrity in old adults : A Q-methodology study. In: International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2008 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 246-256.
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