Exploring the Role of Persulfate in the Activation Process

Radical Precursor Versus Electron Acceptor

Eun Tae Yun, Ha Young Yoo, Hyokwan Bae, Hyoung Il Kim, Jaesang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study elucidates the mechanism behind persulfate activation by exploring the role of various oxyanions (e.g., peroxymonosulfate, periodate, and peracetate) in two activation systems utilizing iron nanoparticle (nFe0) as the reducing agent and single-wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as electron transfer mediators. Since the tested oxyanions serve as both electron acceptors and radical precursors in most cases, oxidative degradation of organics was achievable through one-electron reduction of oxyanions on nFe0 (leading to radical-induced oxidation) and electron transfer mediation from organics to oxyanions on CNTs (leading to oxidative decomposition involving no radical formation). A distinction between degradative reaction mechanisms of the nFe0/oxyanion and CNT/oxyanion systems was made in terms of the oxyanion consumption efficacy, radical scavenging effect, and EPR spectral analysis. Statistical study of substrate-specificity and product distribution implied that the reaction route induced on nFe0 varies depending on the oxyanion (i.e., oxyanion-derived radical), whereas the similar reaction pathway initiates organic oxidation in the CNT/oxyanion system irrespective of the oxyanion type. Chronoamperometric measurements further confirmed electron transfer from organics to oxyanions in the presence of CNTs, which was not observed when applying nFe0 instead.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10090-10099
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume51
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 5

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Chemical activation
Electrons
electron
oxidation
Oxidation
Reducing Agents
Scavenging
electron spin resonance
Substrate Specificity
Nanoparticles
Spectrum analysis
spectral analysis
Paramagnetic resonance
Iron
carbon nanotube
decomposition
Decomposition
substrate
Degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Exploring the Role of Persulfate in the Activation Process : Radical Precursor Versus Electron Acceptor. / Yun, Eun Tae; Yoo, Ha Young; Bae, Hyokwan; Kim, Hyoung Il; Lee, Jaesang.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 51, No. 17, 05.09.2017, p. 10090-10099.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yun, Eun Tae ; Yoo, Ha Young ; Bae, Hyokwan ; Kim, Hyoung Il ; Lee, Jaesang. / Exploring the Role of Persulfate in the Activation Process : Radical Precursor Versus Electron Acceptor. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 51, No. 17. pp. 10090-10099.
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