Exploring the Subjective Frame of References in the Development of Gerotranscendence in Korean Older Adults: Q Methodology

Young Whee Lee, Nam Cho Kim, Soo Yeon Ahn, Myung Ok Cho, Kyung Sook Choi, Eun Suk Kong, Chun Gill Kim, Hee Kyung Kim, Sung Ok Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: This study aims to explore how older people structure the subjectivity that accompanies the development of gerotranscendence in late adulthood within a specific sociocultural context. Method: Q methodology, a common method for assessing subjectivity, was applied. Results: The four subjective frames of reference that accompany the development of gerotranscendence, represented by four corresponding Q-factors, were (a) generation awareness, (b) awareness of aging, (c) awareness of the big picture of life, and (d) awareness of temporality. Discussion: The subjective frames of reference that characterize the development of gerotranscendence in late adulthood are closely related to cultural and psychosocial environmental influences over the course of an individual’s life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-211
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May


  • Q methodology
  • gerotranscendence
  • late adulthood
  • subjectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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