Expression of e-cadherin in epithelial cancer cells increases cell motility and directionality through the localization of zo-1 during collective cell migration

Song Yi Park, Hwanseok Jang, Seon Young Kim, Dasarang Kim, Yongdoo Park, Sun Ho Kee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Collective cell migration of epithelial tumor cells is one of the important factors for elucidating cancer metastasis and developing novel drugs for cancer treatment. Especially, new roles of E-cadherin in cancer migration and metastasis, beyond the epithelial–mesenchymal transition, have recently been unveiled. Here, we quantitatively examined cell motility using micropatterned free edge migration model with E-cadherin re-expressing EC96 cells derived from adenocarcinoma gastric (AGS) cell line. EC96 cells showed increased migration features such as the expansion of cell islands and straightforward movement compared to AGS cells. The function of tight junction proteins known to E-cadherin expression were evaluated for cell migration by knockdown using sh-RNA. Cell migration and straight movement of EC96 cells were reduced by knockdown of ZO-1 and claudin-7, to a lesser degree. Analysis of the migratory activity of boundary cells and inner cells shows that EC96 cell migration was primarily conducted by boundary cells, similar to leader cells in collective migration. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that tight junctions (TJs) of EC96 cells might play important roles in intracellular communication among boundary cells. ZO-1 is localized to the base of protruding lamellipodia and cell contact sites at the rear of cells, indicating that ZO-1 might be important for the interaction between traction and tensile forces. Overall, dynamic regulation of E-cadherin expression and localization by interaction with ZO-1 protein is one of the targets for elucidating the mechanism of collective migration of cancer metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalBioengineering
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer metastasis
  • Cell patterning
  • Directionality
  • E-cadherin
  • Motility
  • ZO-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of e-cadherin in epithelial cancer cells increases cell motility and directionality through the localization of zo-1 during collective cell migration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this