Expression of myosin heavy chain mRNA in rat laryngeal muscles

Hak Hyun Jung, Seung Hoon Han, Jong Ouck Choi

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    16 Citations (Scopus)


    The composition of myosin heavy chain mRNA was analysed quantitatively in 5 intrinsic laryngeal muscles of rats, using a competitive polymerase chain reaction. Intrinsic laryngeal muscles with the fastest contraction times, e.g. ventricular thyroarytenoid muscle, lateral cricoarytenoid muscle, and vocalis muscle, contained 2 fast isoforms, comprising mainly type 2B myosin heavy chains (52.1, 44.6 and 8.2%, respectively) and type 2X myosin heavy chains (21.9, 37.6 and 80.8%, respectively). Conversely, muscles with slower contraction times, such as posterior cricoarytenoid muscle and cricothyroid muscle, contained more than 85% of 2 fast isoforms; mainly type 2X myosin heavy chains (52.4-72.1%, respectively) and type 2A myosin heavy chains (34.6-25.2%, respectively). The results show a strong correlation between the composition of fast myosin heavy chain isoforms and muscle contraction times. Type 2L myosin heavy chain transcripts specific for laryngeal muscles and extra-ocular muscles were expressed in the order of ventricular thyroarytenoid (9.5%) > lateral cricoarytenoid (4.8%) > vocalis (2.5%) > posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (0.9%), but were not expressed in cricothyroid muscle. Neonatal myosin heavy chain was also expressed in all laryngeal muscles, ranging from 0.04 to 3%, but embryonic myosin heavy chain was expressed in ventricular thyroarytenoid, posterior cricoarytenoid and cricothyroid muscle at very low levels. These results suggest that intrinsic laryngeal muscles have different expression patterns for myosin heavy chain isoforms and may have different regulatory roles related to their functional requirement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)396-402
    Number of pages7
    JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


    • Gene expression
    • Polymerase chain reaction
    • Rat

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Otorhinolaryngology


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