Expression of Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1) in human cholesteatoma

No Hee Lee, Ji Won Chang, June Choi, Hak Hyun Jung, Gi Jung Im

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1) is a 21-kDa signaling G protein that functions as a pleiotropic regulator of many cellular processes including epithelial differentiation. RAC1 activates the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase complex which promotes formation of reactive oxygen species and degradation enzymes. RAC1 has been associated with rapid epithelial differentiation and invasive properties in human cholesteatoma. This study aimed to identify the presence of RAC1 in human cholesteatoma and analyze its functional role as a regulator of proteolysis and overgrowth. Tissue samples from human cholesteatoma and normal postaural skin were obtained from patients during otologic surgery for cholesteatoma. The expression of RAC1 mRNA was quantified by real-time RT-PCR, and localization of RAC1 expression was confirmed using immunohistochemical staining. Expression of RAC1 mRNA in the epithelium of cholesteatoma was significantly elevated 2.94 fold on average, compared with normal control skin. RAC1 expression in the suprabasal and basal layer of cholesteatoma epithelium was stronger than normal control skin. Our results suggest that RAC1 can be associated with rapid epithelial differentiation and invasive properties of human cholesteatoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-459
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume270
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cholesteatoma
  • Epithelial cells
  • Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 protein (RAC1 protein)
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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