Expression of the chicken homologue of the mouse double minute 2 gene

Daryle A. LaFleur, Hyunggee Kim, James Farris, Douglas N. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


While the p53 tumor suppressor plays a crucial role in regulating cell cycle checkpoints and apoptosis by acting as either a transcriptional activator or repressor in a variety of mammalian cells, its evolutionarily conserved functions remain to be elucidated in non-mammalian species. In the present study, we determined the functional role of p53 in avian cells by analyzing the expression pattern of the chicken homologue (CDM2) of mouse double minute 2, one of the transcriptional target genes of p53. CDM2 displayed considerable conservation in the p53 binding region as well as the nuclear localization and nuclear export signals and was found to be abundantly expressed in the reproductive organs (testis and ovarian follicles) and in the immune organs (bone marrow, bursa and thymus). CDM2 expression exhibited an early serum-response pattern consistent with its mammalian counterparts and was dramatically downregulated in most of the p53-downregulated immortal chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells analyzed. Expression of CDM2 was shown to be transcriptionally upregulated in the primary CEF cells where p53 was activated by either mitomycin C treatment or by the exogenous transfection of the chicken p53 cDNA. Together, the current studies demonstrate that the expression of MDM2 homologues may be biologically conserved in mammalian and avian cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 12
Externally publishedYes


  • Chicken
  • Chicken double minute 2
  • Immortal chicken embryo fibroblast cell
  • Mouse double minute 2
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics


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