Fabrication and characterization of the chlorine-tolerant disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone)/hyperbranched aromatic polyamide-grafted silica composite reverse osmosis membrane

Si Young Park, Sang Gon Kim, Jeong Hwan Chun, Byung Hee Chun, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, hyperbranched aromatic polyamide-grafted silica (HBP-g-silica) and disulfonated 4,4-bis(3-aminophenoxy)phenyl sulfone (aPES) composite membrane was prepared to enhance the chlorination resistance of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane for desalination process. As the commercial polyamide (PA) RO membrane is very weak against free chlorine in desalination process, inorganic nanoparticle and new membrane material were introduced to RO membrane's active layer. The HBP-g-silica which includes lots of PA chains on the surface of silica and the new material aPES for RO membrane were characterized by 1H-NMR and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The surface morphology of synthesized RO membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscope, and the performance, salt rejection, and water flux were evaluated before and after chlorination test. After the chlorination test, salt rejection was decreased by 36.2% and water permeation was increased only by 5.6% compared to the performance before chlorination measurement. The HBP-g-silica loading significantly modified the three-dimensional polyamide network structures and contributed to high performance by the chain stiffness of the copolymer with high degree of cross-linking. Therefore, the HBP-g-silica that protects PA structure from degradation enhances chlorine resistance in RO membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume43
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Chlorine resistance
  • HBP-g-silica
  • Reverse osmosis membrane
  • aPES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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