Fabrication of 3D rotor-like ZnO nanostructure from 1D ZnO nanorods and their morphology dependent photoluminescence property

Prabhakar Rai, Jin Nyeong Jo, In Hwan Lee, Yeon Tae Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A facile and eco-friendly sonochemical route to fabricate well-defined dentritic (rotor-like) ZnO nanostructures from 1D ZnO nanorods without alloying elements, templates and surfactants has been reported. Phase and structural analysis has been carried out by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy, showed the formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) study showed the formation of rotor-like ZnO nanostructure having a central core which is surrounded by side branches nanocones. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) study showed that these nanocones grow along [0001] direction on the six {01-10} planes of central core ZnO nanorods. A plausible formation mechanism of rotor-like ZnO nanostructures was studied by SEM which indicates that the size and morphology of side branches can be controlled by adjusting the concentration of OH - ions and time duration of growth. The photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of the synthesized rotor-like ZnO nanostructures exhibited a weak ultraviolet emission at 400 nm and a strong green emission at 532 nm recorded at room temperature. The influence of morphology on the origin of green emission was discussed in detail. The results suggested a positive relationship among polar plane, oxygen vacancy and green emission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1703-1710
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Sciences
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Photoluminescence
  • Rotor-like structure
  • Sonochemical method
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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