Fabrication of core/shell ZnWO4/carbon nanorods and their Li electroactivity

Hyun Woo Shim, Ah Hyeon Lim, Gwang Hee Lee, Hang Chul Jung, Dong-Wan Kim

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon-coated ZnWO 4 [C-ZW] nanorods with a one-dimensional core/shell structure were synthesised using hydrothermally prepared ZnWO 4 and malic acid as precursors. The effects of the carbon coating on the ZnWO 4 nanorods are investigated by thermogravimetry, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The coating layer was found to be in uniform thickness of approximately 3 nm. Moreover, the D and G bands of carbon were clearly observed at around 1,350 and 1,600 cm -1, respectively, in the Raman spectra of the C-ZW nanorods. Furthermore, lithium electroactivities of the C-ZW nanorods were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling. In particular, the formed C-ZW nanorods exhibited excellent electrochemical performances, with rate capabilities better than those of bare ZnWO 4 nanorods at different current rates, as well as a coulombic efficiency exceeding 98%. The specific capacity of the C-ZW nanorods maintained itself at approximately 170 mAh g -1, even at a high current rate of 3 C, which is much higher than pure ZnWO 4 nanorods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 25
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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