There has been increasing attention to the development of multi-stimuli-responsive drug carriers for precisely controlled drug release at target disease areas. In this study, pH- and redox-responsive hybrid drug carriers were fabricated by using both ketal-based acid-cleavable precursors and disulfide-based reducible precursors via stop-flow lithography. pH- and redox-sensitive drug release of the dual stimuli-responsive hybrid particles was confirmed, demonstrating their feasibility for selective and efficient drug release into tumor tissues in acidic and highly reductive environments. It was also found that the drug release rate of the particles was fine-tuned by modulating monomer compositions in the precursor. Importantly, the dual stimuli-responsive hybrid particles exhibited synergistic, controlled drug release in complex stimuli (both pH and redox stimuli) environments. To achieve tumor-selective combination chemotherapy, multicompartmental drug carriers consist of an acid-degradable compartment and a reducible compartment, which can separately encapsulate individual model drugs in each of the compartments. The multicompartmental particles exhibited independent drug release upon exposure to the corresponding stimulus. The dual stimuli-responsive, multicompartmental particles are effective drug carriers for tumor-selective release of a drug cocktail, leading to synergistic combination chemotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering