Fabrication of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) microsphere-coated magnetic biochar composite for antimonate sequestration: Characterization, adsorption behavior, and mechanistic understanding

Seon Yong Lee, Heegon Kim, Haeseong Jang, Min Jin Hwang, Ki Bong Lee, Jae Woo Choi, Kyung Won Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A hierarchically structured manganese ferrite microsphere-coated magnetic biochar (BC) composite (MS-MnFe2O4/MBC) was synthesized by a facile solvothermal process to remove Sb(V) from aqueous solutions. In addition to conventional analytical techniques (e.g., XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements, including X-ray absorption near edge structure and extended X-ray absorption fine structure, were employed to characterize the synthesized MS-MnFe2O4/MBC and to explore its mechanism of interaction with Sb(V) in aqueous solutions. Hierarchically structured single-phase MnFe2O4 microspheres composed of numerous nanocrystallites (6.5–7 nm) were successfully fabricated on the BC surface. The XAS analysis results indicated that MnFe2O4 microspheres consisted of Mn2+ and Fe3+ atoms and possessed a partially inverse spinel structure with an inversion degree of 0.4. After adsorption, the combined results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and XAS analyses demonstrated that the valence state of the adsorbed Sb species was Sb(V), and that its interaction with MS-MnFe2O4/MBC was attributed to the inner-sphere surface complexation through bidentate mononuclear edge-sharing and bidentate binuclear corner-sharing. The high potential of the adsorbent for Sb(V) removal was demonstrated in two actual water matrices, viz., tap water and river water. Overall, the findings indicate that MS-MnFe2O4/MBC has excellent practical applicability for Sb(V) removal from contaminated water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152005
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume578
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 15

Keywords

  • Adsorption mechanisms
  • Antimonate
  • Magnetic biochar composite
  • Spinel manganese ferrite microspheres
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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