Fabrication of porous PZT-PZN piezoelectric ceramics with high hydrostatic figure of merits using camphene-based freeze casting

Seung H. Lee, Shin H. Jun, Hyoun E. Kim, Young-Hag Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous lead zirconate titanate-lead zinc niobate (PZT-PZN) piezoelectric ceramics with interconnected pore channels were fabricated using the camphene-based freeze-casting method. In this method, warm PZT-PZN/camphene slurries with various solid loadings (10, 15, 20, and 25 vol%) were prepared by ball milling at 60°C and then cast into molds at 20°C, resulting in the formation of solidified green bodies comprised of three-dimensionally interconnected camphene dendrite networks and concentrated ceramic particle walls. After the removal of the frozen camphene via sublimation, the samples were sintered at 1200°C for 2 h. All of the fabricated samples showed highly porous structures, consisting of fully dense PZT-PZN walls without defects, such as cracks or pores. As the initial solid loading was decreased from 25 to 10 vol%, the porosity was linearly increased from 50% to 82%. This increase in the porosity led to a reduction in the permittivity, a moderate decline in the d33 value, and a rapid decline in the d31 value, which endowed the porous samples with a high hydrostatic figure of merit (HFOM). The highest HFOM value of 35650 × 10-15 Pa-1 was achieved for the sample with a porosity of 82%, as well as ε33= 284, dh=298 pC/N, and gh=118 × 10-3 V·(m·Pa)-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2807-2813
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

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Camphene
Piezoelectric ceramics
hydrostatics
ceramics
Casting
porosity
Fabrication
Porosity
titanate
permittivity
Lead
sublimation
defect
Sublimation
Slurries
Ball milling
Molds
crack
zinc
Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Fabrication of porous PZT-PZN piezoelectric ceramics with high hydrostatic figure of merits using camphene-based freeze casting. / Lee, Seung H.; Jun, Shin H.; Kim, Hyoun E.; Koh, Young-Hag.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 90, No. 9, 01.09.2007, p. 2807-2813.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Porous lead zirconate titanate-lead zinc niobate (PZT-PZN) piezoelectric ceramics with interconnected pore channels were fabricated using the camphene-based freeze-casting method. In this method, warm PZT-PZN/camphene slurries with various solid loadings (10, 15, 20, and 25 vol{\%}) were prepared by ball milling at 60°C and then cast into molds at 20°C, resulting in the formation of solidified green bodies comprised of three-dimensionally interconnected camphene dendrite networks and concentrated ceramic particle walls. After the removal of the frozen camphene via sublimation, the samples were sintered at 1200°C for 2 h. All of the fabricated samples showed highly porous structures, consisting of fully dense PZT-PZN walls without defects, such as cracks or pores. As the initial solid loading was decreased from 25 to 10 vol{\%}, the porosity was linearly increased from 50{\%} to 82{\%}. This increase in the porosity led to a reduction in the permittivity, a moderate decline in the d33 value, and a rapid decline in the d31 value, which endowed the porous samples with a high hydrostatic figure of merit (HFOM). The highest HFOM value of 35650 × 10-15 Pa-1 was achieved for the sample with a porosity of 82{\%}, as well as ε33= 284, dh=298 pC/N, and gh=118 × 10-3 V·(m·Pa)-1.",
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