Fabrication of porous PZT-PZN piezoelectric ceramics with high hydrostatic figure of merits using camphene-based freeze casting

Seung H. Lee, Shin H. Jun, Hyoun E. Kim, Young-Hag Koh

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Porous lead zirconate titanate-lead zinc niobate (PZT-PZN) piezoelectric ceramics with interconnected pore channels were fabricated using the camphene-based freeze-casting method. In this method, warm PZT-PZN/camphene slurries with various solid loadings (10, 15, 20, and 25 vol%) were prepared by ball milling at 60°C and then cast into molds at 20°C, resulting in the formation of solidified green bodies comprised of three-dimensionally interconnected camphene dendrite networks and concentrated ceramic particle walls. After the removal of the frozen camphene via sublimation, the samples were sintered at 1200°C for 2 h. All of the fabricated samples showed highly porous structures, consisting of fully dense PZT-PZN walls without defects, such as cracks or pores. As the initial solid loading was decreased from 25 to 10 vol%, the porosity was linearly increased from 50% to 82%. This increase in the porosity led to a reduction in the permittivity, a moderate decline in the d33 value, and a rapid decline in the d31 value, which endowed the porous samples with a high hydrostatic figure of merit (HFOM). The highest HFOM value of 35650 × 10-15 Pa-1 was achieved for the sample with a porosity of 82%, as well as ε33= 284, dh=298 pC/N, and gh=118 × 10-3 V·(m·Pa)-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2807-2813
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

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