Fabrication of round channels using the surface tension of PDMS and its application to a 3D serpentine mixer

Kangsun Lee, Choong Kim, Kyeong Sik Shin, Jin Woo Lee, Byeong Kwon Ju, Tae Song Kim, Seung Ki Lee, Ji Yoon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel fabrication technique was developed to fabricate round microchannels and applied to a micro mixer having a barrier structure using surface tension of PDMS. When the solidified PDMS layer (channel layer) contacts the liquid PDMS film (meniscus layer), a meniscus is formed around the sidewall in the microchannel due to surface tension. The external load pressure and contact area of the channel layer were adjusted to form various cross-sectional shapes such as a U shape, ellipse, semi-circle and circle. Since the width of the channel also determines the depth formed by the difference in capillary height, a multi-depth channel can be fabricated using a one-step process. It was applied to a dual-depth serpentine mixer, eliminating the aligned bonding of conventional soft lithography. The 3D-structure mixer enhanced mixing performance in the range of Re > 10 compared with a 2D-structure. It could fully mix phenolphthalein and sodium hydroxide when the Reynolds number was 80. The suggested fabrication method could be very useful in various microfluidic devices that need round corners and multi-depth channels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016
Pages (from-to)1533-1541
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Microchannels
Surface tension
interfacial tension
Phenolphthalein
Fabrication
Sodium Hydroxide
fabrication
Liquid films
Microfluidics
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Lithography
menisci
microchannels
Reynolds number
Sodium
sodium hydroxides
microfluidic devices
ellipses
hydroxides
lithography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

Cite this

Fabrication of round channels using the surface tension of PDMS and its application to a 3D serpentine mixer. / Lee, Kangsun; Kim, Choong; Shin, Kyeong Sik; Lee, Jin Woo; Ju, Byeong Kwon; Kim, Tae Song; Lee, Seung Ki; Kang, Ji Yoon.

In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, No. 8, 016, 01.08.2007, p. 1533-1541.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Kangsun ; Kim, Choong ; Shin, Kyeong Sik ; Lee, Jin Woo ; Ju, Byeong Kwon ; Kim, Tae Song ; Lee, Seung Ki ; Kang, Ji Yoon. / Fabrication of round channels using the surface tension of PDMS and its application to a 3D serpentine mixer. In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 2007 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1533-1541.
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