Facile fabrication of Si-embedded amorphous carbon@graphitic carbon composite microspheres via spray drying as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes

Su Hyun Yang, Jin Koo Kim, Dae Soo Jung, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Silicon-nanoparticle-embedded amorphous carbon-graphitic carbon composite microspheres (denoted as Si/AC@GC) with numerous empty voids are synthesized using a spray drying process. Spray dried composite microspheres consisting of Si nanopowders, dextrin, and iron salt are transformed to uniquely structured Si/AC@GC microspheres via one-step carbonization followed by acid etching. The in situ formation of graphitic carbon with high electrical conductivity within the Si-C composite at a low carbonization temperature (700 °C) is achieved by applying a metallic Fe nanocatalyst. The Si/AC@GC microspheres exhibit higher electrochemical properties than bare Si nanopowders and Si/amorphous carbon composite microspheres (denoted as Si/AC) with filled structures. The synergistic effects of structural merits owing to the spherical morphology with empty nanovoids for liquid electrolyte penetration and a graphitic carbon layer with high electrical conductivity result in the superior lithium-ion storage performances of Si/AC@GC microsphere. The composite-based electrode delivers a high reversible capacity of 803 mA h g−1 after 200 cycles at 1.0 A g−1, indicating long-term cycling stability. Even at 5.0 A g−1, the electrode exhibits stable reversible discharge capacity of 589 mA h g−1 without significant capacity loss.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154799
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume606
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 30

Keywords

  • 3D microsphere structure
  • Graphitic carbon
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Silicon anode
  • Spray drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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